DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B32/S14.051

INSTALLING FOREST VEGETATION ON DEGRADED LANDS, A SOLUTION FOR A SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT

A. Craciunescu, I. Chisalita, S. Martin, C. Banu, C. Fora, A. Dobrei, S. Stanciu, C. Stefan, M. Moatar
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-14-8 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 3, Vol. 2, 373-382 pp

ABSTRACT
At European level, one of the methods indicated and supported by law consists in ecological reconstruction by afforestation of degraded lands. Also, forest vegetation is recommended for the protection of a special category of lands. More often than not, putting this into practice is difficult, and the complete success of a certain action is conditioned by its efficient organizational management. It is worth noting that considerable expense is involved in installing forest vegetation, starting from land preparation for planting and going to tree consolidation, especially on lands degraded by human actions, where the risk of compromising the vegetation is very high. In addition, it is impossible to give general and complete technical solutions regarding the installation and maintenance of forest cultures, as it is impossible to give any guarantees for their effectiveness. Still, many projects of this sort have enjoyed real success, with degraded lands reinstated into the productive circuit. Thus, the observations made in these locations, for forest crops already installed, can offer local and particularized solutions and valuable information to the managers of similar projects. The area under analysis is approximately determined by coordinates 44o54’08’’ - 45o10’23’’ north and 21o47’15’’ - 21o58’43’’ east, in production unit III Steierdorf, Semenic Mountains, Romania. The production unit covers the upper Minis valley, and the total surface of the land, on land use categories, according to the records in 2003, is 190.1 ha. We identified mine dumps, and in the neighbourhood of our research areas, the soils were cambisols with two subtypes, according to the Romanian Soil Taxonomy System. Of this land, 63.5 ha is degraded land, 7.6 ha are not productive, 2.6 ha are represented by forested slopes, 116.4 are covered by forests, and 64.2 ha represent land to be afforested. In terms of climate, the average temperatures in winter range from -17o C to 4.8o C, and in summer are between 12o C and 18o C. The unit comprises stations that have not been affected by degradation, covered by forest vegetation specific for hills and mountains, but also an area that has strongly been affected by degradation generated by human activity.

Keywords: degraded lands, management, dumps, afforestation, sustainable development

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