DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B31/S12.094

THE DISTRIBUTION OF SALT MASSIFS AND THE EXPLOITATION OF ANCIENT AND CURRENT RESERVES OF MINERALIZED WATERS WITHIN THE SIRET HYDROGRAPHICAL BASIN (ROMANIA) – CASE STUDY FOR THE EASTERN AREA OF THE EASTERN CARPATHIANS

G. Romanescu, M. T. Alexianu, A. i Asandulesei
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-13-1 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 3, Vol. 1, 731-746 pp

ABSTRACT
The present study proposed to underline the importance of salt-water reserves in the life of the local communities and to quantify the value of certain basic elements that can affect their chemical properties. The salinity does not produce pollution, but only a restriction of water use in certain domains. There is a close connection between the genesis of salt reserves and the emergence of springs, the type of rock, the regional and local climatic regime, the type of hydrographical network supply, and the liquid discharge. The waters within the Carpathian mountainous and sub-mountainous area can be influenced directly by the emergence of salt deposits on the surface. The poorest springs are situated in the area of the Moldavian Subcarpathians, where there are diapiric outcrops. The Neolithic settlements in the east of the Eastern Carpathians attest the oldest use of salt springs in the world. Some springs may be underlined by the humans through animals, mostly the sheep, which looked for salinized fields for their optimal water intake. The salt-water springs are used on a local scale; in this sense, there is a traditional popular management (ethnomanagement). There are numerous ancient and current settlements which have occupied the salinized areas for the exploitation and commercialisation of mineralized waters or of salt in its native state.

Keywords: ethnoarchaeology, ethnomanagement, salt springs, salt deposits, Romania, salinity.

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B31/S12.094: THE DISTRIBUTION OF SALT MASSIFS AND THE EXPLOITATION OF ANCIENT AND CURRENT RESERVES OF MINERALIZED WATERS WITHIN THE SIRET HYDROGRAPHICAL BASIN (ROMANIA) – CASE STUDY FOR THE EASTERN AREA OF THE EASTERN CARPATHIANS

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