DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B31/S12.060

MINERAL GROUNDWATER RESOURCES AND HEALTH TOURISM IN THE EASTERN CARPATHIANS (ROMANIA)

R. I. Dimitriu, M. Bulai, I. Minea
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-13-1 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 3, Vol. 1, 463-470 pp

ABSTRACT
The very diverse hydro-chemical characteristics of the waters, with diverse content of dissolved substances and belonging predominantly to the bicarbonate-chalybeatecarbonated type in over 60% of the cases has had as results a development of great variability of resorts. Most of the resorts present the advantage of various curative possibilities, as well as the accommodation capacity and the curative bases were connected to the catchment volume of waters, which is essential in external cure procedure. Taking into consideration the natural factors, the infrastructural component were built to bring their contribution to health tourism: treatment facilities, different type of accommodation capacities, leisure activities and sports component, green spaces. The hydro-mineral sources determined the appearance of two types of resorts: the balneoclimateric resorts (spas) and the mountain climatic resorts (for winter sports). First are of national interest being generated by the mineral waters with a various hydrochemistry, predominantly belonging to carbogaseous, bicarbonated, ferruginous of the post volcanic gases area. These are at least two centuries old and have the profile facilities located in connections with hydromineral resources. The touristic areas containing the component specific to this type resorts are concentrated at the periphery of some settlements that have become health resorts-town (like Vatra Dornei) or integrated as centres within the residential areas of resort towns (Covasna) or occupying the entire residential area of the resort-town (Slanic Moldova, Baile Tusnad).

Keywords: groundwater resources, water quality, spatial distribution, health tourism, resorts