DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2011/s20.178

THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ETHNOGRAPHIC LANDSCAPE FROM ROMANIA

AUTHOR/S: L. DAVID, E. TIRCOMICU
Monday 1 August 2011 by Libadmin2011

11th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2011, www.sgem.org, SGEM2011 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 20-25, 2011, Vol. 3, 739-746 pp

ABSTRACT

From working in the field, sheep herding, washing laundry in the river’s whirlpool,
ritual singing in the young forest, traditional dancing of the village, all the way to the
office job, dry cleaning, disco, hip-hop and neighbor-hood slang, took only a few
centuries time. The peasants’ time was well divided: preparing weather calendars in the
winter, working the fields or taking the sheep flock up the mountain in the spring,
gathering the harvest and celebrating in the fall. No missed occasion for him, who take
part to the joys but also to the sorrows going on in the village, strengthening his
relationship with the community. In contrast to the urban citizen for whom stress, a
sedentary lifestyle and the indifference towards others of his kind makes time go faster
without noticing the sand draining in the hourglass. The town and the village, two great
worlds separated through lifestyle: one as the promoter of innovations, the other one, as
the keeper. While one destroys the older forms of life, the other passively endures or
accepts innovation, and the ethnographic landscape stands uncorrupted by the modern
civilization, like a dowry of the villages which allows us to know how our grandparents
and great-grandparents used to live.

Through the gradual rise in awareness of society, the need to support both cultural
diversity and its practical role, in this modern age, of traditional elements, we hope to
gain ground inside ethnographic landscape, causing the proper protection and
conservation of it, so that future generations can enjoy this dowry of the village.
This return to nature is common in past decades. As an example, the Arabian Peninsula
residents seek today to desalinate water by traditional methods, Cotmeana Platform
residents have been using “benturi” for hundreds of years for multiple utilities: they
store water for household use, grow different species of fish and filter the water through
several layers of sand and gravel turning it into drinking water, also vegetables grown
by farmers without the use of artificial fertilizers, natural dairy products without
preservatives and additives, hand sewn wool carpets. Examples are numerous, all
showing that the life experience of parents, grandmothers, grandfathers, etc. taught them
to use the landscape in which they lived, so as not to destroy it. Only in this way could
both man and nature have had health.

It remains to be seen whether these traditional villages will remain rural settlements or
become small towns after 30 years and if we will know how to teach the population
about how important it is to protect this wealth of ours: popular culture, sheltered by the
village that created it.

Keywords: conservation, ethnographic landscape, monitoring, protection, recovery