DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B31/S12.044

HISTORICAL EXAMPLES OF WATER ENERGY USE IN SLOVAKIA

P. Dusicka, T. Hodak, P. Sulek
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-13-1 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 3, Vol. 1, 337-344 pp

ABSTRACT
Slovakia was one of the industrially most advanced areas of former Hungary. This was particularly due to the development of mining enterprises for production and treatment of precious metals (gold and silver), non-ferrous metals (copper) and iron ores, in addition to dynamic developments in metallurgy. The mining and metallurgic hubs also prompted further developments in science, technology and culture, accelerating application of new knowledge. While water was a constituent of mining’s development, it also posed an almost fatal issue for the latter’s existence as it served – as the virtually single only available source of energy of the time - as the driving force for different mining facilities. Use of water wheel for mining purposes is documented as early as in 13th century. It was the first facility for converting hydro energy into mechanical energy that was used to drive lifts, hammer mills, stamping mills, pumps and in smelteries. To have abundant water, entire generations have been building ingenuous systems of upstream waterways (feeders) and water reservoirs including well-known systems such as those of Turček and Špania Dolina.

Keywords: water energy use, Turček water supply system, Špania Dolina water supply system, small hydro power plant