DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B31/S12.015

CHALLENGES IN THE HYDROLOGYCAL INDICES IMPLEMENTATION IN THE PROCESS OF DROUGHT IDENTIFICATION AND MONITORING

M. C. Lubomirova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-13-1 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 3, Vol. 1, 111-118 pp

ABSTRACT
Drought as a natural phenomenon has one very important feature – still it is not possible to influence on its appearance and scale. But the good thing is that it is characterized by different aspects and we could influence on some of them. Water resources management gives such a possibility by planning and taking appropriate measures to react. Different approaches are applicable if we have information about the severity and when and where we could expect the event. And hydrological indices are one of the appropriate solutions. In help of experts and decision makers in the field this article is addressed to share Bulgarian experience in implementation of hydrological indices for Drought identification. There briefly are presented main tasks of their application and challenges concerning process. For illustration an Automatic Monitoring System for Drought Identification developed by NIMH-BAS on National level by the index SRI is presented.

Keywords: drought, drought monitoring, drought management, SRI, hydrological drought indices