DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B23/S11.132

USE OF GIS FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF LANDSCAPE STRUCTURE AND SETTLEMENTS DEVELOPMENT IN THE VERNERICKE STREDOHORI MTS.

J. Zacharova, J. Elznicova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-12-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 3, 1047-1054 pp

ABSTRACT
This paper focuses on the development of settlement and landscape structures in area of Vernericko lying in the protected area Ceske stredohori. On the basis of comparison of historical cartographic materials and the current state landscape development was researched by application of spatial analysis and statistic assessments. Data were prepared and then analysed in software ArcGIS Desktop 10.1. For landscape development of whole model area, grid method of 200 m (respectively 500 m) size was used. The development of settlement and identification of extinct villages were evaluated in the period of 1843 - 1952 - 2012. A total of 36 settlements were monitored. A detailed analysis of landscape structure changes were performed only in selected municipalities. For detailed analysis of settlements, data were digitized. Results are specification of defunct settlements in the Vernericko area, assessment of the landscape structure development in their surroundings and in the region overall in the context of historical and contemporary trends of landscape change. Discovered tendencies refer to considerable change of landscape use in the extensive direction which was enhanced by the expulsion of the Sudeten Germans after the Second World War connected with spontaneous dysfunction of settlements. Valuable landscape structures of the area are threatened by currently ongoing tendencies of landscape change associated with the absence of a human – farmer.

Keywords: Vernericke stredohori Mts., GIS, landscape structure, landscape analysis, settlement structure, defunct settlements, Sudetenland

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