DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2011/s20.171

THE FIG (FICUS CARICA L., FAM. MORACEAE), NATURALIZED-NATIVE, NEW AND DANGEROUS SPECIES IN KOSOVA’S FLORA

AUTHOR/S: E. KRASNIQI, F. MILLAKU, F. REXHEPI, X. MALA, SH. UKAJ
Monday 1 August 2011 by Libadmin2011

11th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2011, www.sgem.org, SGEM2011 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 20-25, 2011, Vol. 3, 685-692 pp

ABSTRACT

The territory of Kosovo, in particular of Dukagjini through the valley of the Drini i Bardhë River is under the influence of the modified Mediterranean climate. This
influence climate has enabled the growth of Mediterranean and Sub Mediterranean
plants which became part the species Ficus carica L. (Fig). In the current research to
Ficus carica L. (Fig) in Kosovo was known only as cultivated plant. In this paper, we
are presenting the species Ficus carica L. (Fig), which represent new naturalized-native
plant species for wild flora of Kosovo. We identified the species Ficus carica L., in a
small location, few km away from Prizren city, on the verge of Sharri Mountains. This
is one of the hottest refugial areas in the territory of Kosovo in altitude 435 m and
average annual temperature of 11.8 oC. As these fig habitats are far settlements, can be
counted as a case relict. Of important plant species accompanying fig in these habitats
are Mediterranean and Sub Mediterranean species as: Asyneuma limonifolium, Colutea arborerscens, Convolvulus althaeoides, Convolvulus cantabricus, Echium italicum,
Euphorbia myrsinites, Marrubium peregrinum, Medicago prostrata
, Nigella damascena, Pistacia terebinthus, Teucrium chamaedrys, Tremastelma palestinum etc..
The important place in these habitats occupied the Kosovo steno endemic species
Micromeria albanica.

Due to small number of individuals of this species and because their habitat it is found
only in this location, Ficus carica L. should be included in the Red List of Kosovo as it is a rare and specie in danger.

Keywords: Kosovo, Ficus carica, new, dangerous species, Red List.

PAPER 2011/s20.171: THE FIG (FICUS CARICA L., FAM. MORACEAE), NATURALIZED-NATIVE, NEW AND DANGEROUS SPECIES IN KOSOVA’S FLORA

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