DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B23/S11.109

SOIL AGRICULTURAL MAPS AT A SCALE OF 1:5,000 AS A SOURCE OF DATA FOR SPATIAL PLANNING PROCESS IN POLAND

A. Bielska
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-12-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 3, 861-868 pp

ABSTRACT
Soil agricultural maps at a scale of 1:5,000, together with annexes thereto that contain descriptive information, were drafted for the whole area of Poland, mainly in the period from 1966 through 1972. They are a valuable and exact source of data on soil conditions. The said maps were prepared on the basis of the existing soil classification maps, also at a scale of 1:5,000, as well as on the basis of terrain and laboratory research preceded by interpretation of aerial photographs. Soil agricultural contours were produced during fieldwork, which is a significant advantage, as direct observation of environmental conditions, terrain use, relief, land cover or humidity, combined with the knowledge and experience of the experts (soil scientists, classifiers) guarantees credibility and accuracy. Pursuant to the relevant provisions of law soil agricultural maps are digital thematic studies included in the infrastructure for spatial information of the European Union in accordance with the INSPIRE Directive. A database thus created constitutes a good source of data for the purposes of local spatial planning process. The purpose of the research was the analysis of the possibility of using the information derived from soil agricultural maps at a scale of 1:5,000 for the purposes of local spatial planning process. This paper presents the characteristic of the data on soil conditions that are included in the maps. It also briefly describes the local spatial planning process in Poland. On this basis the possibility of using the information and data originating from soil maps in planning documents is discussed. Analysis of data included in soil agricultural maps, particularly the analysis of terrain suitability for development, constitutes an important, or even an indispensable tool for the spatial planning process. It allows to obtain the information required for appropriate space management and to avoid erroneous location decisions. It facilitates environmental protection, mainly by protecting the best quality soils characterised by high crop yield. It also prevents financial losses, e.g. by preventing development of lands of excessive moisture content.

Keywords: lands useful for building, lands designated for development, soil agricultural maps, soil conditions, GiS.

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