DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B23/S11.104

REQUIREMENTS FOR A WEBSITE SUPPORTING SOCIAL PARTICIPATION IN SPATIAL PLANNING AT THE COMMUNE LEVEL

J. Jaroszewicz, P. Kowalski
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-12-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 3, 815-822 pp

ABSTRACT
Social participation is of high importance in the spatial planning process in Poland, particularly at the level of communes. Works are being currently conducted in Poland on the standardisation of data models, and the incorporation of spatial information regarding spatial management plans in the National Infrastructure for Spatial Information, constituting the implementation of the INSPIRE directive. The availability of digital data and development of IT systems, and particularly GIS and web services, permits the development of websites supporting the society’s participation in the procedure of execution of planistic documents at the commune level. The article discusses the manner of practical consideration of social participation in spatial planning in Polish communes. It provides a short description of the procedure resulting from legal acts. It also presents an overview of the possible web application supporting the society’s participation in spatial planning. Geoinformation websites are systems based on spatial data with cartographic visualisations developed on request of the user and according to the user’s needs. The distribution of spatial information occurs through web applications which in addition to displaying the map, permit the control and interactive modifications of the image and the scope of content. One of the most important advantages of such applications is the possibility of integration of geoinformation services, e.g. the display of reference data: topographic, cadastral, or photogrammetric data, collected in the national geodesic and cartographic databases. The basic functional scope of the geoinformation website dedicated to social participation should not only include the typical image management tools, i.e. changes in map magnification (zoom), territorial range (view dragging), and modifications in the scope of content by switching display of thematic layers. Database and analytical functions will be of key importance, including among others searching objects and events by description attributes, e.g. address or name, as well as finding objects by means of interactive indication of a place on the map, measurements of distance and surface area, and finally options of labelling selected places and commenting on facts, and sending applications and comments, which is indispensable in such a civil service. An important aspect of the research will also be the consideration of the basic principles of designing the website’s usability. Such a website should be transparent, intuitive, and accessible for any user: for both the citizen and the commune clerk.

Keywords: spatial planning in Poland, social participation, geographic information systems, cartographic visualisation, geoinformation website, e-government. 815

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