DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B23/S11.100

PRAGUE URBAN FORM FEATURES AND THEIR IMPACT ON TRANSPORT SUSTAINABILITY

V. Kostin,L.Halounova, V. Hron
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-12-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 3, 785-792 pp

ABSTRACT
Modern cities all over the world face the number of problems: urban population growth, environmental pollution, noise in the cities, rapid urbanization of natural areas, etc. Urban sprawl leads to increase of built-up areas, as a result of which, strengthening of negative impact on the environment occurs. At the same time, suburbanization often characterized by inefficient land use, because it contains low-density residential area with undeveloped system of social amenities and without appropriate transport accessibility. Many modern cities are unable to provide a growing population of necessary social infrastructure. Many studies indicate a strong relationship between urban form and transport system. The most popular theory suggests that the higher urban density means the lower transport energy consumption. But whether the density is the main factor affecting transport energy consumption and development of transport system. This paper presents a new perspective on the interaction between land use policy and transportation using GIS analysis. The case of study is Prague city. We use statistical data derived from Czech Statistical Office, census and Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre to analyze the urban structure of Prague city and its relationship with the transport system.

Keywords: urban form, transport system, land use, urban density, transport energy consumption

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