DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B23/S11.078

GEOSPATIAL MODEL FOR VISUAL RECONSTRUCTION OF USERKAF’S PYRAMID AT SAQQARA, EGYPT

V. Seglins, A. Kukela, M. Kalinka
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-12-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 3, 611-618 pp

ABSTRACT
The pyramid of Userkaf, the first king of the 5th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt (ca. 2494- 2487 BC) is one of the World Heritage monuments located on Saqqara plateau Necropolis in Egypt. Like most of the Ancient Egypt’s monuments, this pyramid is almost in ruins and its preservation is a challenge for modern conservators and engineers. Currently, the pyramid is in a very bad condition and most of the main building elements can be recognized only thanks to the previous archaeological studies carried out on site. The structure of the pyramid is also severely affected by earthquakes. The elaborated 3D model of the pyramid allows us to make conclusions regarding the building process of the pyramid, to evaluate the stability and current state of preservation of the pyramid’s stone material and mortar, as well as to reconstruct initial shape and dimensions of the monument.

Keywords: Stone monument, photo documentation, weathering, visualization, 3D model

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