DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B23/S11.066

CONCEPT OF A GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE PURPOSES OF SPATIAL PLANNING OF DEGRADED AREAS

A. Turek, J. Jaroszewicz
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-12-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 3, 521-528 pp

ABSTRACT
The negative phenomenon of urban sprawl of metropolitan cities at the cost of agricultural and environmentally valuable areas has been observed for many years. One of the methods of counteracting the phenomenon is directing the city’s development to the inside by using areas potentially attractive in terms of location, with expired current management function. These are predominantly industrial areas, frequently distinguished by a substantial degree of degradation. Their revitalisation, often preceded by necessary land reclamation, is a time-consuming and interdisciplinary process requiring undertaking complex and planned activities depending on particular characteristics of a given area. Decisions regarding related activities are based on obtained spatial and descriptive data. The development of information technologies, particularly including GIS software, provides vast possibilities of data processing, analysis, and visualisation. Even the most advanced analyses, however, will not bring proper results if the input data are not credible, complete, valid, and properly organised in a spatial data base. This is particularly important in the spatial management planning of industrial areas, where wrong decisions can lead to irreversible effects harmful for the environment and health of people. The article presents a concept of a Geographic Information System designed to support the process of effective spatial planning and spatial management, with particular consideration of degraded and industrial areas. The concept includes a description of necessary source data, their assessment in terms of completeness, credibility, validity, and availability, a proposal of the manner of data organisation in a spatial data base, and example models of spatial analyses. The developed Geographic Information System and models of spatial analyses constitute a tool supporting the process of programming of urban policy, investment activities, seeking of optimal planistic solutions, and identification of potential conflicts in a given area subject to a substantial degree of degradation. The study area covers the “Myśliborska” combustion waste dumping ground of the Elektrociepłownia Żerań heat-energy plant, located in the Białołęka district in Warsaw (Poland).

Keywords: GIS, spatial planning, city revitalisation, degraded areas, post-industrial areas

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