DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B22/S9.051

PROTECTIONS AND MONITORING OF EUROPEAN TRANSPORTATION ROUTES IN POLISH UPPER SILESIA MINING AREA

M. SALAMAK,P. KLIKOWICZ
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-11-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 2, 403-410 pp

ABSTRACT
The paper refers to the issues related to linear transport structures like roads and railway lines located on areas with the ground deformations caused by mining. Polish Upper Silesian agglomeration is a cluster of neighbouring cities forming a strip about 70 km wide with highly concentrated industrial and business activities. It is also a large transportation center - due to both the geographical location as well as the volume of transport. The construction and management of highway and railway lines in Upper Silesian urban agglomeration is a specific task. This is mainly because of the need to take into account strong ground deformations caused by intensive underground mining activities. Not only in still active coal mines, but also because of previous often forgotten mines, used over hundred years ago for extraction of silver, zinc, lead or salt. The paper shows the example of electronic monitoring system which was applied during construction of motorway A4 and A1 in Upper Silesia.

Keywords: mining surface protection, transport, monitoring, ground deformations, roads, railway