DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B22/S9.031

ELIMINATION OF THE FRAGMENTATION OF LAND OWNERSHIP AS AN INITIATIVE FOR POSITIVE CHANGES IN A COUNTRY, SPECIFIC (IMPLEMENTED) EXAMPLE – VELKE VOZOKANY (SLOVAKIA) PROJECT AREA

Z. Muchova, M. Leitmanova, F. Petrovic
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-11-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 2, Vol. 2, 239-246 pp

ABSTRACT
In this paper, we show how to solve problems associated with excessive land fragmentation in Slovakia on the example of the land consolidation project in the area of Veľké Vozokany (total covered area – 988 ha, arable soil – 740 ha, total number of owners – 1201, number of unknown owners – 870, number of ownership relations – 16581, average parcel size – 0.22 ha, average number of parcels per owner – 14). High fragmentation of the land currently limits rural landscape modifications, including measures that could protect the area from natural disasters (e.g. ongoing water erosion, alluviation of water flows and water areas). It is necessary to find alternatives how to solve this situation as soon as possible, in spite of opponents who do not acknowledge positive effects of land consolidations, although these are apparent/documented in other countries. We illustrate methodological practices used in ownership restoring in Slovakia and mention some of the ways that allow relevant design of functional organization of the country. We also put ownership in relation to the protection and creation of the landscape. Main problems in the area have been analyzed from the water management, ecological, and road-network aspects, respectively. Everything described here is based on the real-life situation in the project area. Main changes introduced by the draft of measures are quantified and graphically illustrated (e.g. expansion of the network of country roads from 9 km to 18 km, new erosion control elements covering 3 ha, ecological elements area increase by 40 ha). We provide examples of changes in the ownership relations, structure of the country as well as the quality of life in the project area.

Keywords: land consolidations, ownership, country, land fragmentation, ecology, Slovakia