DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B13/S3.095

UNDERMINED AREA BANISKA – HAZARDS AND IMPACT ON GEOECOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF LANDSCAPE (SLOVAKIA)

J. Krokusova, V. Cech, M. Ivanova, V. Solar
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-09-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 3, 737-744 pp

ABSTRACT
Undermined area Baniská is a very dangerous element in landscape. It is located between the villages of Rudňany and Poráč in the northern part of the Volovské vrchy mountains. In the past, there was very intensive mining and industrial activities because of rich deposits of mineral resources. Mining and industrial activities noticed a strong regress in the latest years. Most mining operations were closed and the mining was stopped. The impact of mining activity and its components on the landscape presents a complex problem. The exploitation of mineral resources has a great impact on the underground and the surface. There is an extensive and complicated net of worked-out spaces: stopes, drifts and shafts. This area is geologically unstable. Intensive mining activity and geological instability results in the creation of big cave-in. Its shape is linear and its distance is 1 km. The formation of this space is the consequence of a long-continuing process of cave-in. The road between the villages of Rudňany and Poráč has had to be redirected three times because of continuing cave-in process. Moreover, this area is located in the Roma settlement, so the residents` lives are in imminent danger.

Keywords: undermined area, mining underground, cave-in area, danger