DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B13/S3.071

SOCIAL EVALUATION OF MINING ACTIVITY EFFECTS

M. Zasadzien
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-09-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 3, 545-552 pp

ABSTRACT
Mining affects the environment’s elements in a direct and indirect way. The direct effect includes mainly the use of arable, forest and recreational areas for the needs of mines and waste dumping grounds. The indirect effect involves broadly understood effects of mining exploitation, which include geo-mechanical transformations, soil degradation, waters and atmosphere contamination. Another important factor is the fact that mining damage has a considerable influence on the people inhabiting the degraded areas and may cause the feelings of hopelessness, loneliness and helplessness due to the place of residence. The conflict areas the existence of which results from the conflict of interests of the industrial branch and society should meet the requirements for biological living conditions. Investigations were carried out into the social awareness regarding the environment degradation related to mining exploitation. The aim of the research was to get to know the opinion of the transformed areas’ inhabitants about the impact of mining activity on the environment and to determine major factors of this influence. The indirect goal was also to determine the level of ecological awareness. The studies included an analysis of opinions regarding basic environmental changes that result from mining activity. The issues subjected to research are numerous and complex, hence the studies do not aspire to explain and elaborate on all the investigated phenomena. Research material was collected using a specially prepared questionnaire, containing eight areas related to the problems and effects resulting from the mining activity which are experienced by the inhabitants, divided according to the economic, ecological and
social aspects and directions of the analysed area revitalisation:
1) mining exploitation,
2) mining activity effects,
3) ecological aspects,
4) social effects,
5) revitalisation,
6) directions of revitalisation in the cultural and social area,
7) directions of revitalisation in the area of infrastructure,
8) revitalisation priorities from the inhabitants’ point of view,
The article presents the results of questionnaire survey which covered an area of ca 1 km-diameter, in the immediate vicinity of „Jas-Mos” hard coal mine.

Keywords: revitalisation, degradation, environment, post-mining area, society