DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B12/S2.051


T. A. Baraboshkina, A .V. Kuznetsova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-08-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 2, 393-400 pp

Natural disasters fall into the following types based on their characteristics, management and mitigation system. The most considerable hazards are listed below: 1. Flood; 2. Earthquake; 3. Pollution; 4. Harvest loss; 5. Forest cutting; 6. Shortage of quality of water resources. Hazardous areas are susceptible to erosion, slides, earthquakes, or other geological processes. These are regions of Northern Eurasia where mineral deposits are spread are deu to the most rigid ecogeochemical conditions. The health and safety of citizens are endangered by commercial, residential, or industrial development inappropriately sitting in hazard prone areas. The geological factors (of naturally or technogenically transformed lithosphere), organisms are forced to adapt to are possible to consider as ecological-geological risk factors (ERF). They cause various diseases, oppression life of phyto-, zoo- and microbocoenoses. Nowadays the majority of ERF investigators allocate paramount importance of studying negative effect of technogenic (geochemical, geophysical) factors. The geoindicator concept is a result of researchers’ significant contributions. This method can be an improvement of the natural fluctuations prevalence and the difficulty of separating them from humaninduced environmental change. This paper is an attempt to introduce the role of geoindicators which might be useful to reduce risk of the disaster. Some geologic hazards can be reduced or mitigated by engineering, design, or modified construction. If technology fails to reduce risks to the stable level, such area will be unacceptable for development. Scientists can help mankind to realize the importance and complexity of natural landscape change.

Keywords: geological factors, georisk, ecological risk, disaster