DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B11/S1.020

GEOLOGICAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES OF THE REGION AS FACTOR FORMING THE PLACE NAMES (ON THE EXAMPLE OF INGERMANLAND)

M. Tsinkoburova
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-07-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 1, 161-168 pp

ABSTRACT
The toponymy as science arose rather recently, on at the turn of linguistics, history and geography. Natural features of the district have considerable impact on formation of place names. Therefore, studying distribution of the toponyms in connection with geological and geographical features of the region, it’s possible to determine some general consistent regularities that will help to resolve an issue of an origin of toponyms and in disputable situations. Ingermanland – the ethnocultural and historical region in the territory of the Leningrad region. By the author was analysed over 100 geographical names in the former Ingermanland’s territory for which is proved the connection with natural features of the district. The analysis of geological and geographical features was accompanied by studying of cartographic and archival materials for the purpose of identification of an initial pronunciation of toponyms. The established connection can not only be a key to understanding of the toponym’s origin, but also represent the indirect testimony of the paleolandscape’s character in the region in historical time (a question which geologists usually don’t concern).

Keywords:Ingermanland, Leningrad region, geographical names, toponymy,
geological features

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