DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2014/B11/S1.002

ANDESITES – A RAW MATERIAL USED FOR MANUFACTURING THE MILLSTONES IN THE EARLY NEOLITHIC FROM HUNEDOARA COUNTY, ROMANIA. PRELIMINARY RESULTS

C. Lorint, I. A. Barbat
Wednesday 1 October 2014 by Libadmin2014

References: 14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2014, www.sgem.org, SGEM2014 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-07-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 19-25, 2014, Book 1, Vol. 1, 11-18 pp

ABSTRACT
The aim of this article is to put into circulation a group of ground stone artefacts
such as millstones, which were analyzed by thin section and later completed with XRF method. The purpose is to identify the raw materials used by the Early Neolithic communities – Starčevo-Criş in manufacturing the querns and grinders. The artefacts were found during the archaeological investigations to the Highway project Deva – Orăştie, in the autumn of 2011, near the limit of Şoimuş village, in the point named Teleghi, Hunedoara County, Romania. The results of interdisciplinary analysis together with the location of the archaeological site Şoimuş – Teleghi in the vicinity of the Neogene age volcanic rocks which belongs to the South of Apuseni Mountains and to the North of Poiana Ruscă Mountains, lead us to suppose that the Starčevo-Criş communities exploited andesites, for making polished stone tools, such as grinders and querns.

Keywords: preventive archaeological research, Starčevo-Criş cultural complex,
polished stone tools, Neogene volcanism, physical and chemical analysis

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