DBPapers
DOI:10.5593/SGEM2013/BD4/S17.018

FLAMMABILITY PROPERTIES OF DRY SEWAGE SLUDGES

N.F. Anez, L. M. Mateos, L. M. Pejic, J. G. Torrent
Monday 5 August 2013 by Libadmin2013

References: 13th SGEM GeoConference on Energy And Clean Technologies, www.sgem.org, SGEM2013 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-03-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 16-22, 2013, 135 - 142 pp

ABSTRACT

Dry sewage sludge is being considered as a possible energy source for direct firing. They have interesting properties to be used as an alternative fuel, but also other characteristics must be considered from the point of view of its safe operation: the most important are ignition sensitivity, explosion severity, thermal sensitivity and thermal stability.
The aim of this study was to determine if sewage sludge have different characteristics due to different locations or seasons and how this influences their flammability properties. To study these characteristics sludge samples were selected from different locations in Spain, taken during different seasons.
In addition, relationships between flammability parameters and chemical analysis were observed. Some parameters can be controlled during normal operation, such as granulometry or moisture, and may mean a decrease in the risk of explosion. Those relationships are well known for other dusts materials, like coal, but not yet for sewage sludge dusts.
Finally, properties related to spontaneous combustion were determined (thermal susceptibility and stability). The addition of those properties to the study provides an overview of the thermal behavior of sewage sludge during their utilization, including transport and storage.

Keywords: sludge, flammability, self-combustion, thermal stability.