DBPapers
DOI:10.5593/SGEM2013/BD4/S19.012

COMPARISON OF SELECTED COMPONENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC DEPOSITION IN THE AREAS KOSICE AND KROMPACHY (SLOVAKIA)

J. Hanculak, T. Kurbel, L. Findorakova, T. Spaldon, O. Sestinova
Monday 5 August 2013 by Libadmin2013

References: 13th SGEM GeoConference on Energy And Clean Technologies, www.sgem.org, SGEM2013 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-03-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 16-22, 2013, 601 - 608 pp

ABSTRACT

The contribution deals with the selected components of atmospheric bulk deposition in two different areas. The monitoring was focused on deposition fluxes of solid particles, trace metals (Fe, Al, Mn, Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, Cd, As), the seasonal variations, their origin and presence in water soluble and insoluble phases from the urban area of Košice with iron and steel works and the rural area in the vicinity copper smeltery in Krompachy. The values of deposition solid particles in summer season exceed the values in winter one in the both areas. In winter, the deposition fluxes of particles in the area of Krompachy are much lower than in Košice. In the area Krompachy, several times higher values of deposition fluxes were measured in the case of Cu, Cd, Pb, Zn and As. The higher deposition fluxes of Fe, Mn, Al and Cr were determined at sampling stations in Košice. The metals Al, Fe, As, Cr, Pb and Mn were fixed mainly in the insoluble phase, Zn and Cd were predominant bound in the soluble phase in both areas. Significantly higher abundance of all the elements besides of Fe and Al was found in the soluble phase in the area of Krompachy. Very high enrichment factor (EF) values were found for Zn, Pb, Cu, As and Cd at sites nearby copper smeltery in Krompachy. The increased values of EF were detected for Fe, Mn and Cr at the sampling points in the Košice area.

Keywords: bulk deposition, metals, metallurgical activities, urban area