DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s24.v5006

IMPACT OF THE INTERNATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL CONVENTIONS ON THE ROMANIAN MINING LAW

G. B. BABUT, R. I. MORARU, M. C. BABUT
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 5, 1109 - 1116 pp

ABSTRACT

The process of world trade and business globalisation requires the restructuring of the
manner in which national governments are regulating their mineral resources protection
and valorisation issues. In 1997, there were more than 175,000 miners in Romania.
Eight years later, their number has dropped to 57,000, and the trend is continuing.
Within this restructuring context, the paper has as goal firstly, to briefly present the
main international conventions concerning environmental protection important to
mining industry and, on the other hand, to highlight those prescriptions that exerts a
major impact on Romanian mining legislation. Based on a thorough critical analysis of
international conventions and protocols on environmental protection, ratified by the
Romanian Parliament, we have identified three categories of errors that are frequently
occurring in connection with the perception of international conventions. We have
detailed the impact induced by every major convention/protocol on the protection and
recovery regime of mineral resources. The ultimate goal which subsumes the study
results taken is to create the procedural framework for promoting sustainable
development of mining industry.

Keywords: mining law, environmental protection, international convention, restructuring