DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s15.v4006

THE CURRENT FIRE SITUATION AND FOREST FIRE MONITORING IN THE REPUBLIC TYVA

K. KUULAR
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 4, 33 - 38 pp

ABSTRACT

The 2011 fire season in the Tyva Republic turned out to be extremely severe. During the
year between April and October, 226 fires were recorded on the republic territory.
According to the survey reports of the local branches (subdivisions) of Avialesookhrana
the area affected by fire was above 13 thousand ha of forest land and above 12 thousand
ha of non-forest land. The number of fires registered in the previous (2010) year was 76.
The outbreak of extended fires started in April - May on the territory of Tyva Republic,
mainly affecting the central parts. At the same time dry and hot weather conditions led
to large amounts of forest fires in the region. On 17 April, the fire authorities of the
region had to fight 13 fires. Weather conditions in the region were extremely
unfavorable to get fires under control. Factors determining wildfire behavior may be
considered under following headings: difficult topography, climatic conditions, the
precipitation, attributes of the fuel and ignition. The main reasons of flames were
agriculture burning in spring (April, May) and lightning in summer (June-August),
human factors (September, October). The main reason of fires was fire safety offences
by local people in the mountain forests when they collect wild deer antlers, cedar nut,
and berries.

Keywords: forest fire, wildfire, monitoring, Tyva.

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