DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s23.v3020

TERRITORIAL INSERTION OF PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES IN THE ROMANIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM

I. IANOS, D. ZAMFIR, C. BRAGHINA, A. L. CERCLEUX
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 3, 1167 - 1174 pp

ABSTRACT

After the debacle of Communist Regime in Romania, one of the country sectors with
the most fast-moving developments was the one of tertiary education. Having the
advantage of a concessive legislation to a high degree, the first private universities
emerged starting with the year of 1990. These universities were integrated on the market
as regards education delivery system, considering that the adjustment of university
education in the public school system was much slower than the latter.
This paper describes the insertion process dynamics, considering the personalized
niches practiced by the private universities in past two decades. The analysis of this
process was based on the data provided by the National Institute of Statistics, the
Romanian Ministry of Education and Research, as well as by some private universities.
The process of interpreting these data was correlated to educational market, to the stages
of territorial development, to the pertinent phases designating quality assurance, as well
as to the in-house strategies implemented by these private universities.
The basic hypothesis of the scientific approach was that private universities developed
in major geographic areas without an academic infrastructure. Theoretically, these
universities should have ensured support to the public ones from territorial point of
view!
The final results do not confirm this hypothesis, but show that major university towns
led to private universities localization. Therefore, the lack for teaching staff was much
more important for state universities than for territorial demand point of view.
Moreover, the teaching staff within state universities had a decisive role to this fastmoving
development of the private higher education system (in 1998 there were about
100 private institutions as regards education delivery system in the tertiary sector).

Keywords: private universities, higher education system, spatial distribution