DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s14.v3009

SIMULATION OF OIL POLLUTION ACCIDENTS IN THE BAY OF BURGAS, USING HYDRODYNAMIC MODEL

V. GALABOV, A. KORTCHEVA, J. MARINSKI
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 3, 993 - 1000 pp

ABSTRACT

The accurate prediction of the behavior of oil pollution is crucial for the successful
decision making and planning of operations to combat the pollution of the coastal zone
and to protect the environment. Potential oil spills in the Burgas Bay of West Black Sea
may cause extra contamination of port waters in different terminals of the Burgas port
with oil and liquid dangerous products, which is extremely undesirable from an
environmental point of view as well as for the forthcoming certification of the Burgas
port.
The present study aims to assess the impact of the risk of oil spills in the aquatory of
Burgas Port and to determine the potentially dangerous areas of contamination in the
inner basins of the port and the conditions for their occurrence. The numerical model
MOTHY, developed by Météo-France is used to predict the drift of pollutants on the sea
surface. The numerical simulations are carried out in the Burgas bay and harbor waters
for 20 locations of potential oil spill accidents. The range of hypothetical scenarios
includes various wind and currents conditions. Finally, the simulation results indicate
the places with a high risk of oil pollution in the Burgas port. The outcomes of the
present study are a part of the implementation of a preliminary pilot monitoring plan
developed for the Burgas Port in the work program of ECOPORT 8 project
(Environmental management of trans-border corridor ports) and they are used in
determining the permanent monitoring stations.

Keywords: oil spill, coastal pollution, Black Sea, port Burgas, numerical modeling