DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2012/s07.v2011

INTRODUCING THE GIS CONCEPT IN CASE OF THE MINING CADASTRE IN ROMANIA

M. E. KONCSAG, A. POPA
Wednesday 1 August 2012 by Libadmin2012

References: 12th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference, www.sgem.org, SGEM2012 Conference Proceedings/ ISSN 1314-2704, June 17-23, 2012, Vol. 2, 747 - 754 pp

ABSTRACT

The paperwork may be considered as a progress in Romanian mining in actual
conditions. The Romanian State can not subsidize an unprofitable economic enterprise,
just for having an extractive industry. The solutions refer to finding a way to encourage
the mining industry in Romania, offering the possibility of privatization in mining,
based on correct information, cadastral documentation containing scriptural, analytical
and graphical data easy to be accessed, considering the dynamism of a mining area.
Considering the irreversible feature of the mining activity, each mining exploitation
need a detailed planning, starting with the prospects, exploration and ending with the
exploitation, closing end restoration of the environment. All these planning are based on
topographic data of the mining area. The role of topography in mining activity refers not
only to drawing up topographic plan of the mining activity. The topographic plan
represents also a working instrument. The main goal is to represent the mining area in
all its complexity. This is impossible without considering the surface and the nature of
the relief, the existing situation at the surface and underground. Based on the actual
regulations in Romania, the synthetic document containing all the analytical, graphical
and scriptural documents for a exploration and/or exploitation mining area is called the
Mining Book. Approaching the Mining Book, as an integrant part of the “Mining
Informational System” is a problem extremely actual and may have a great importance
in mining activity improvement. This paperwork presents the modeling phase of such a
mining system, using an application and a case study for Livezeni Mining Exploitation,
in Petrosani, Hunedoara County. For this exploitation, there is necessary to introduce
mining cadastre, according to the existing actual laws, and also the experience of other
countries with mining specific. This concept of the Mining Book from the GIS point of
view offers the possibility mining privatization, by paying fees and taxes to the State,
and also taking real time decisions regarding areas affected by mining exploitation in
Romania. For the case study, we used the ESRI ArcGIS 9.3 platform for spatial, vector,
table database achievement and links management.

Keywords: mining cadastre, mining registry, Geographic Information System