DBPapers

THE EFFECTS OF THE NEW FIELD USING IN THE SURROUNDING OF ATATURK DAM IN SOUTHERN TURKEY

AUTHOR/S: KEREY, E. I., GÖRÜCÜ, M Z.
Sunday 1 August 2010 by Libadmin2004

4th International Scientific Conference - SGEM2004, www.sgem.org, SGEM2004 Conference Proceedings/ ISBN: 954-918181-2, June 14-18, 2004, 329- 338pp

ABSTRACT

The studying area is placed on the surrounding of Ataturk Dam in Bozova (S.URFA) in
the southern Turkey. The main lithology of the region starts calcareous marl and upper part is
consist of lime stones with crystalline dolomites and chert.
In the region there are some important climatic changes which took place during the
accumulating water in the lake of the dam. These situations caused many new environmental
and agricultural effects. Especially the geochemical features of the lithological unit of the
region roles in these changes. For example: quantity of the calcium and potassium in the soil
are twice more then before. In addition pH, ions and minerals quantities of the soil are
different now. Although the evaporation in the region faster then before but falling is 35-40
mm. This situation is also caused the evaporates which are seen in arid climates. Evaporates
accumulated in the soil as the salts of the sodium, calcium potassium and magnesium.
These chemicals which are accumulated in the lower part of the soil made unproductive
the vegetable soil. On the other hand the main ions and minerals are washed from the upper
section of the vegetable soil after watering. Besides of this the moisture of the region now is
higher and this is also effective in this changing. These reasons need that we must give
importance to grow the vegetable which is suitable with the main lithological units in order
that we could prevent to lose top soil. In addition we could change the plant cover as well.
One more topic is important to keep the watering enough not more. Due to do this method it is
possible to make richer or to keep the minerals and ions in the soil.
If it wouldn’t make anything, the soil in this region will lose its important elements and
some salts such as Ca+ , Na+ , CO3
— , HCO -
3 , Fe+ , and FeO would be richer soon. The areas
like these are exist several countries such as India, Pakistan and some other countries which
placed in tropical zone of the world.

Key words: Soil ,arid, climate, evaporation, geochemistry, land, use, Bozova, Ataturk
Dam