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RAPE OIL VS CAMELINA OIL – A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THEIR FATTY ACID PROFILE AND THEIR SUITABILITY FOR BIOFUEL PRODUCTION

B. S. Laurentiu, I. Popescu, I. Imbrea, G. Pop, F. Imbrea
Wednesday 19 December 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

Climate change is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century and can largely be attributed to human activities, such as burning fossil fuels, according to the 4th Global Evaluation Report of the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change). International agreements have been made in order to reduce the emission of greenhouse gasses. In Romania, there is a national objective of using energy obtained from renewable sources in a minimum quantum of 10%, by 2020. In order to reach this goal, fuel providers have the obligation to gradually introduce benzine and diesel with a certain content of biofuels. The exact aim is to reach at least a 60% reduction in emissions of greenhouse gasses as of 1 January 2018. Biofuels are obtained from prime matter that must meet durability standards, as established at a community level, regardless of its place of origin. Perhaps the most well-known plant for biodiesel production is rape, but recently a long-forgotten plant has regained attention, namely Camelina. This study aims to compare fatty acid content in oils obtained from rape and camelina seeds that were cultivated in the western part of Romania, more specifically in Arad county in the agronomic year 2017-2018 with its climate particularities. After harvest the seed samples were processed using GC-MC method and interpreted in the laboratories of the Research Facility of BUASMV (Banat University of Agricultural Sciences and veterinary Medicine).

Keywords: camelina, rape, fatty acid, comparison, biofuel


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