R. Labuz
Wednesday 19 December 2018 by Libadmin2018


The goal of this paper is to define an answer to the question how to design public green areas around multi-family residential buildings and what is their role in the spatial structure of the city. Big cities struggle with the problem of an insufficient share of green areas. Actions are being undertaken in order to introduce green areas in spaces with a high floor area ratio. A good example in this respect is Cracow, where in recent years a project of organising a number of pocket parks has been implemented. Simultaneously, new building investments in different scales are being carried out in cities, and such investments include new multi-family housing estates. In the context of sustainable development it is important to secure the accessibility of green areas and to create attractive public spaces for city inhabitants. The paper presents results of the research focusing on the execution of public green areas located in the vicinity of groups of multi-family buildings in big cities. The analyses were conducted basing on field studies and cartographic studies of selected cases. The following green areas were taken into consideration: Rudolf Bednar Park in Vienna, which came into being within the scheme of building a new urban project; a modernised park near modernist Czech and Rus Housing Estates in Poznań; and green areas within the recently erected apartment complex “Wiślane Tarasy” /Vistula Terraces/ in Cracow. In the result of the study the type of development and the quality of the analysed areas were compared and their spatial relations with the surrounding development were defined. According to the study, when new multi-family housing estates are erected, an aspiration appears to create areas of greenery and recreation for residents. It should be noted, however, that it is not a general rule. This paper considers specific examples and on this basis defines possibilities of designing green areas which also fulfil the function of a social space building the identity of local residents.

Keywords: urban greenery, multi-family housing, sustainable development

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