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LEGAL PROBLEMS OF ENSURING ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

E. V. Vorontsova, A. L. Vorontsov, Y. A. Tarasov, T. N. Balashova
Thursday 11 October 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

The article is devoted to the consideration of one of the most pressing problems of Russian reality - ensuring the environmental security of the country. This problem is investigated by the authors in the context of their awareness of the fact that Russia’s environmental problems are part of the global environmental problem and, accordingly, require for their solution not only domestic measures, but also broad coordination of environmental actions of the Russian Federation with the actions of other countries and international organizations within the framework of the concluded environmental agreements.
The authors note that in Russia the organizational and legal mechanism for ensuring environmental security is built on the basis of the constitutional provision on the right of citizens to a favorable environment (art. 42 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation). It is the implementation of this constitutional right, as well as related rights such as the right to health protection (Article 41 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation), the right to life (Article 20 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation) underlies all measures taken by the state in the field of environmental protection. It would seem that the need to implement the fundamental constitutional provisions was to contribute to building the most effective mechanism for ensuring environmental safety and environmental protection, but the Russian environmental and legal mechanism is far from perfect. Sectoral mechanisms for ensuring the environmental interests of the state, society and man are not always properly coordinated among themselves and often pursue different goals. There are serious problems at the level of determining the objects of legal protection, the powers of government agencies for environmental protection, the normative content of basic concepts, etc. All this does not contribute to the real protection of the environment by legal means. To the problems of a legal nature, insufficient financing of environmental measures, peculiarities of mentality and legal awareness of Russian citizens, underdevelopment of environmentally friendly technologies, etc. are added. The article cites data of official state institutions and nature protection organizations that allow to compile a holistic view of the state of the environmental situation in Russia as a whole and by its individual regions.

Keywords: environmental protection, environmental safety, the right to a favorable environment, the mechanism for ensuring environmental safety, legal mechanism, health, environmental protection


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