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ECOLOGICAL-ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF THE TECHNOGENIC PRESSURE ON THE SOCIAL SIGNIFICANT TERRITORY: CASE STUDY OF THE RUDN-UNIVERSITY CAMPUS

A. Khaustov, O. Korobova, M. Redina, R. Mamadzhanov, P. Silaeva
Thursday 11 October 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

Since 2016 in the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN-University) is carried out a project on the environmental monitoring of campus. We consider the campus as a social significant territory: currently, the “population” (staff and students) is over 8,000 but the technogenic pressure is constantly increasing from year to the year because of transport activity. At the moment, the information about acoustic pressure, soil, snow and air pollution has been gathered and processed. It allows to develop the scheme of zoning of the campus. For this purposes, has been applied the methods of ecologic-economical assessments.
Consequences of the technogenic impacts are different types of destructions in the natural systems that can be described as environmental damages. Using this approach, we can show more clear the scale of the destructions. It is possible to use monetary evaluations of the damages and to justify the “environmental comfort” zones and “dangerous zones” in campus. We apply the standard approaches to the assessment of damage, state approved in Russia to measure the damage caused by soils and air pollution as well as damage for the human health because of noise level. Monetary values of damage has been processed using the multivariate statistical methods.
Application of the ecological-economic assessments allowed to create the zonation scheme for the campus territory
Monitoring of the campus allowed to sample the initial information for the ecological-economic assessments. Processing of these data was a base for the identification of the structure of the technogenic pressure on the territory and for the elaboration of the probably necessary sets of measures for the maintenance of the environmental comfort on the social significant territory – RUDN-University campus.

Keywords: ecological-economic assessment, technogenic pressure, RUDN-University campus, social significant territory, environmental damage


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