A.A. Kuklin , L.N. Kuklina, I. Korobkov
Thursday 11 October 2018 by Libadmin2018


In the economic literature, the situation in regions is often seen in terms of economic security. We propose the following approach. Firstly, there is a diagnostics of security using the authors’ method. This method implies the analysis of 12 spheres of activity focusing on the eco-economic security. Secondly, we assess the impact of the level of the eco-economic security on individuals and inhabited areas. Thirdly, we estimate the general situation in the territory and define the spheres where the socio-economic crisis is most evident. Fourthly, we consider whether the transition to a green economy is possible. And last, we analyze the eco-economic security of the Ural Federal District. This District includes 6 subjects of the Russian Federation which can be considered as typical for the Russian Federation. Ural Federal District and its subjects is a significant social and economic entity due to its output, population and surface. The author’s method of economic tomography is a way to receive information on the effect of selected factors at different levels of socio-economic situation. This method allows not only to make a comprehensive analysis of the situation in a region, but also to assess a current well-being of an individual, to define possible latent threats and risks and to model selected elements’ changes. We estimate that the Russian socio-economic system is currently in a five-year crisis. However, this system tends to emerge from the crisis by reaching firstly a pre-crisis state and then a normal state. To consider the eco-economic security of Russian regions in a perspective of economic trends on the global emerging market is of a special interest. The focus on the domestic development without relation to the dynamics of leading countries can not be considered as an adequate way to assess the current economic situation. A 1.5–2 per cent rate of gross domestic product (GDP) growth is not sufficient for Russia compared to a 4–5 per cent rate of GDP growth of leading countries. The research results can be applied for assessing and forecasting the economic development not only of Russian regions, but also of the regions of other countries.

Keywords: eco-economic security, welfare of individuals and inhabited areas, crisis phenomena, economic tomography, development trends

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