DBPapers

TIME - CHANGES DETECTION OF GEOGLYPHOS AND LINES, NASCA AND PALPA, PERU

E. Housarova, K. Pavelka, R. Pflug
Thursday 11 October 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

In the time before the geoglyphs’ popularization by the German scientist Dr. Maria Reiche, geoglyphs were subject to considerable destruction by humans, trough geoglyphs and lines led by local roads, areas served for military exercises, etc. This problem was solved by the inclusion of the area into the UNESCO World Site in 1994. The greatest contribution to the protection of geoglyphs and lines was by Dr. Maria Reiche, who died in Peru in 1998. After 24 years of protecting the famous Nasca’s geoglyph’s and lines, the current problem is that they enjoy great tourist popularity. Some geoglyphs and lines were damaged or destroyed by tourists, others by civilization activity (garbage, air pollution, constructions, questionable renovation of geoglyphs and lines etc.) and of course by climate changes. The fallowing text deals with the topic of Lines and Geoglyphs in Peru (Nasca, Palpa) and their changes through time. It aims to gather and analyze image data from historical sources as well as from the Nasca expeditions of 2004 – 2016. The main aim of the paper is to contribute to the preservation of the thousands year old lines and geoglyphs which are constantly and irrevocably damaged by both man and nature.

Keywords: Nasca, geoglyphs, photogrammetry, GIS, culture heritage, destruction


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