Z. A. Tukenova, M. B. Alimzhanova, S. Zh. Kazybaeyeva
Thursday 11 October 2018 by Libadmin2018


Mesofauna is the most numerous part of soil animals. Mesofauna, along with other soil organisms, can be used as a bioindicator. In addition to the high abundance, tangible biomass and widespread occurrence, the mesofauna is characterized by the ability to respond quickly to changes in the ecosystem, the availability of species identification and the possibility of using the quantitative characteristics associated with the availability of standard conventional isolation methods for comparison. The inhabitants of the litter and upper soil tiers experience the greatest direct and indirect influence of recreational loads. As a result of these impacts, the habitat of soil animals changes and collapses, which leads to a change in the species composition, abundance, and the nature of their spatial distribution in the soil profile. Of fundamental importance is the type of nutrition. Mesofauna, along with other soil characteristics, can very well be used as a bioindicator. Biodiagnosis of the studied soils was carried out by us according to a classification based on the trophic connection and habitat of soil invertebrates. The investigated soils have a different level of biological activity, are determined by the amount of invertase and dehydrogenase and are located in the following series: black earth low-humus = dark chestnut> grey earth ordinary.

Keywords: fertilizers, ecosystems, inhabitants, mesofauna, type of soil.

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