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THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SMALL WATER RETENTION PROGRAMMES IN POLAND - COMPARISON OF THE CURRENT STATE WITH THE STATE INTENDED TO OBTAIN TILL YEAR 2015

M. Stanczuk-Galwiaczek
Thursday 11 October 2018 by Libadmin2018

ABSTRACT

Due to the occurrence of unfavorable phenomena of droughts and water scarcity in Poland, actions aimed to preserve and improve the state of water resources, such as the realization of small water retention, are considered valued. Small water retention contributes to the mitigation of the effects of water resources defficiency and fulfills a variety of functions influencing natural environment, farming and forestry. The paper aims to determine the level of implementation of small water retention programmes in Poland based on the analysis of small water retention investments executed in Poland. The research was based on the data of Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on small water retention programmes in Poland and reports on the execution of small retention investments. A quantitative state of small water retention in Poland was presented in the paper, including volumes of water retained in small water retention objects, the increase of retention capacity in particular regions of Poland and total number of new small water retention objects made in Poland. The study results in comparison of the current state of small water retention with the state initially intended to obtain till year 2015. According to the study results, in the years 1998 – 2015 there has been stored 195 million m3 of water in new water retention objects which constitutes only 17% of the planned volumes. The research also shows that issue of water retention is not equally treated in the country. As a conclusion there are discussed possible reasons of such a low level of implementation of small water retention programmes in Poland.

Keywords: small water retention, water reservoirs, retention increment, water management in Poland


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