DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S27.105


B. Podhalanski
Thursday 23 November 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2017 Vienna GREEN Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-29-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, 27 - 29 November, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 63, 845-852 pp; DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S27.105


The question whether the philosophy of the development of metropolises that is based on the premise that the most important factors in their planning is the provision of technically advanced forms of use of a metropolis, efficient, effective and economic systems of urban engineering, as well as efficient public transport in particular, without taking into account the sum total of the irreparable damage that has been caused to ecosystems, is morally justified - remains viable. The taking up of green areas by dynamically occurring development in metropolises, the fencing out of the rest of the city with high-rises, as well as the removal of littoral greenery along rivers - are the most commonly encountered forms of negative examples of man’s interference in what is left of ecosystems - which are already heavily damaged by excessive urbanisation in metropolises or the suburbanisation that takes place in metropolitan areas. The visible, global trend of concentrating the built environment in metropolises seems to be a positive form of protecting those ecosystems that have remained healthy. This is unfortunately an illusory phenomenon, for in truth the built environment is becoming excessively dense, and man’s living conditions in such an overly dense residential environment, especially when it is the result of self-organisation processes instead of planned development, turns out to be a threat to the quality of life of its inhabitants. The problem of choosing between the horizontal and the vertical concept of the development of metropolises is becoming a topic of discussions and the works of theoreticians and practitioners in the fields of spatial planning, as well as urban and architectural design.

Keywords: ecological urban form, ecological architecture, healthy cities, metropolis