DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S27.097

ASSESSMENT AND OPTIMIZATION OF INDOOR ENVIRONMENT IN TERMS OF HYGRO-THERMAL MICROCLIMATE

M. Kraus
Thursday 23 November 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2017 Vienna GREEN Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-29-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, 27 - 29 November, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 63, 777-784 pp; DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S27.097

ABSTRACT

The contemporary construction, both new buildings and renovations, is characterized by the low air permeability of the building envelope. The high airtightness of the building envelopes reflects current energy-saving trends. However, saving energy is a contrast with hygienic conditions (supply of fresh air). The well-being of occupants is defined by the interaction of the physical, chemical and biological components of the internal environment of buildings. The basic factors of indoor air quality are indoor air temperature [°C] and relative humidity [%]. The paper includes an analysis of long-term (1-year) measurements in the apartment in terms of the thermal-humidity microclimate, including the optimization of the hygro-thermal parameters of the indoor environment. The measurements were carried out in a standard apartment in the residential prefabricated building after revitalization (new thermal insulation and new windows) located in Central European climatic conditions. This climate is typical of low relative humidity in the indoor environment of buildings in the winter (heating season).

Keywords: Indoor air quality, indoor air temperature, relative humidity, indoor environment, residential building