DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S27.094

AN UNDERPASS UNDER THE KASPROWY WIERCH MOUNTAIN IN THE TATRA NATIONAL PARK AS A PART OF AN ENVIRONMENT PROTECTION SCHEME AND IMPROVEMENT OF TOURIST SAFETY

K. Krauze, L. Boloz, T. Wydro
Thursday 23 November 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2017 Vienna GREEN Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-29-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, 27 - 29 November, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 63, 751-758 pp; DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S27.094

ABSTRACT

This study outlines the solution to the problem caused by too large numbers of hiking tourists and skiers walking on top of the Kasprowy Wierch Mountain in the Tatra National Park, between three ski stations (one cable car and two chairlifts). Their choice of route is limited mostly due to a large difference in altitude between the top chairlift station on the Gasienicowa Glade and two other ski stations. To improve the conditions in the area of those ski stations a solution was sought that would permit an easy passage of hiking tourists or skiers, at the same time mitigating the negative environmental impacts. Following a site inspection supported by geological analyses, construction of an underpass tunnel was suggested to connect the three tourist facilities. In consideration of available machinery and well-known mechanical mining methods, an informed choice was made of excavation, tunnel driving and underground space development technologies. Another vital issue was the ban on the use of explosives. Construction of an underpass tunnel will make the Kasprowy Wierch peak less crowded, thus helping to revitalise the area.

Keywords: tunnel, underpass, ski infrastructure, special-purpose construction, environment protection.