DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S26.091

USING NON-INVASIVE GEOPHYSICS TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE TASK OF PRESERVING OBJECTS OF HISTORICAL AND ARCHITECTURE VALUE

Z. Slepak
Thursday 23 November 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2017 Vienna GREEN Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-29-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, 27 - 29 November, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 63, 725-732 pp; DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S26.091

ABSTRACT

Geophysical monitoring is a new trend in applied geophysics studying the impact of ground waters on foundations of modern buildings. Here we show that recording variation of physical fields associated with ground water dynamics is a highly efficient tool for understanding the impact of ground and industrial waters on architectural monuments. This new methodology was first tested by the author on the territory of the Kazan Kremlin to determine the nature of geological processes that influence building foundations in this architectural ensemble. The method enables revealing the effects both near and directly underneath buildings and fortifications. It also facilitates determination of the impact of modern tectonic movements on buildings and other structures, allows tracing the bottom of the anthropogenic layer and predicts location of the remains of ancient buildings in the anthropogenic layer. The results of geophysical work carried out on the territory of the Kazan Mother of God Monastery revealed the location of the eastern apse of the cathedral, confirmed by archaeological excavations.

Keywords: geophysics, geological processes, monitoring, monuments, architecture