DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S25.032

IMPACT OF SOME ROOTSTOCKS ON TOMATO PRODUCTION

M. Doltu, M. Bogoescu, D. Sora, G. Sovarel
Thursday 23 November 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2017 Vienna GREEN Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-29-4 / ISSN 1314-2704, 27 - 29 November, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 63, 251-256 pp; DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/63/S25.032

ABSTRACT

The carbohydrate (2.9-7%), vitamins (A, B, B2, B6, C), salts of important mineral elements (K, P, Fe, Ca, I, Mg) and organic acids (0.5-1.5%) content from tomato fruits is very important. The tomato is widely cultivated all over the world and a very popular and important crop in Romania. The grafting is considered an important technique for the sustainable greenhouse vegetable production. This research was conducted on import tomato hybrids appreciated in south side. Two Lycopersicon esculentum rootstocks - ‘Emperador’, Dutch F1 hybrid and ‘Buzău’, Roamanian variety and two tomato scions - ‘Siriana’, Romanian F1 hybrid and ‘Abellus’, Dutch F1 hybrid were used to obtain grafted and ungrafted seedlings. The objective was to evaluate the production of the grafted tomatoes. The results show as the tomato production was influenced by grafting. The grafted tomato had a superior production, superior quantity, but the fruit quality did not change significantly comparative with ungrafted tomatoes (control). The data were statistically processed using variance analysis. These combinations of rootstock x scion are recommended to be grown in greenhouses from Romania.

Keywords: grafting, greenhouse, harvest, Lycopersicon esculentum