DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/43/S19.041

BATUMI ATMOSPHERIC AIR QUALITY MONITORING BASED ON THEIR CHEMICAL POLLUTERS

N. Kiknadze, Sh. Lominadze, N. Nakashidze, M. Mamuladze, R. Rodriguez-Fernandez
Thursday 23 November 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2017 Vienna GREEN Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-28-7 / ISSN 1314-2704, 27 - 29 November, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 43, 325-332 pp; DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/43/S19.041

ABSTRACT

Based on scientific-technical progress in modern period the industry and transport is
developed, new technologies are introduced and requests at natural resources are grown. All the above-stated cause worsening of biosphere indicators. Therefore, studying air pollution and radiation background growing tendencies has international, global importance. During last years, in most countries of the world including Georgia
worsening of environmental conditions are noted, pollution of atmospheric air and
growing radiation background which somehow makes negative impact at health
conditions of population and accordingly great attention is paid to measures for
decreasing harmful impacts of environment. 2 SO , 2 NO , CO and dust concentration in atmospheric air was determined experimentally (Autonomous Republic of Adjara,
Georgia), their seasonal monitoring was carried. Determining the suspended particles
mass of the dust was made by weight method; 2 NO determination method is based on catching 2 NO from 5 dm3 air with special membrane sorbent and afterwards
determination of nitrite-ion photometrically using Gris Reactive; 2 SO was determined
by oxidizing SO2 from air using 2 2 H O and further interrelation of it with 2 BaCl with
which it creates 4 BaSO . The solidity of created sulfate-ions was determined photometrically; CO was determined via express method via universal gas-analyser
“Paladium-3M”. As a result of the research it was identified that average concentration
of all four polluters in summer are maximal and in winter they are minimal, which is
caused by high temperature and the lack of rainy days. The dust concentration is beyond MPC in summer, autumn and spring seasons. 2 NO concentration is beyond MPC in summer and autumn. 2 SO and CO concentrations are under norm at all four seasons. The percentage share CO of concentration is highest compared to other parameters and it equals to 63.03-71.83 %. In case of dust the deviations from MPC is fixed at all four seasons and it is maximal compared to other parameters (45-71%). It is identified that the basic polluters of Batumi air is dust and partly 2 NO . The air pollution is connected to growth of diseases of respiratory organs, blood stream, skin and under-skin tissues, quantity of which were increased in 2017 compared to 2016 in the patients of three categories: up to 15 years, from 15 to 18 years, 18 and more years old patients. The https://doi.org/10.5593/sgem2017H/43 325
17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017
monitoring results reveals that chemical pollution of atmospheric air is directly
connected to above-stated diseases.

Keywords: MPC, Monitoring, Dust, 2 SO , 2 NO , CO , Batumi Air.