DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/33/S14.065

FIREWOOD AND CHARCOAL PRODUCTION IN UGANDA

D. Bamwesigye, S. A. Darkwah, P. Hlavackova, V. Kupcak
Thursday 23 November 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgemviennagreen.org, SGEM2017 Vienna GREEN Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-27-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, 27 - 29 November, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 33, 521-528 pp; DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017H/33/S14.065

ABSTRACT

In particular, Sub-Sahara Africa and Uganda’s energy sector is dominated by biomass, which contributes over 90% of the total expendable energy. Herein firewood and charcoal contribute more than 85%. The main use of biomass energy is cooking and or heating either as firewood or charcoal majorly by local households. There is also huge demand from commercial activities such as the production of bricks and some factories. In many areas, biomass continues to be the energy source of choice due to unavailability or unaffordable prices of other alternatives like gas and electricity. This investigation explores the forest wood biomass in Uganda and examines the functions, value and trend. This study employs mutually quantitative and qualitative approaches to analyze the production value of charcoal. A descriptive statistical analysis of wood charcoal production was done to study the trend. Findings indicate that the value of the item has been increasing positively by over 10% to 31% over time. Ceteris paribus, energy is fundamental to sustainable development and poverty reduction efforts and it affects all traits of development i.e. social, economic, and environmental. Therefore, the Government of Uganda not only needs to enforce existing policies, but also implement new ones that suit all development aspects including innovation such as usage of Improved Eco-Stoves.

Keywords: Production trend, deforestation, household energy, innovation

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