DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/53/S21.085

QUANTIFICATION OF BORDER EFFECT ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF BORDERS: CASE STUDY OF THE CZECH REPUBLIC

E. Drapela
Wednesday 13 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-10-2 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 53, 687-694 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/53/S21.085

ABSTRACT

Border effect is a phenomenon that adversely affects the development of the regions. It involves the suppression of links between centers, which limits the development of the areas between these centers. Each type of boundary is generating variously powerful border effect, which can be quantified as the ratio between the expected and actual power of spatial interactions. Expected power of spatial interactions is calculated on the basis of geographic application of the gravity model, calibrated by using data on daily commuting of the population. In this case study, there were selected several types of borders in the Czech Republic: national boundaries, the boundaries between regions and several different physical geographical boundaries. On these examples the power of border effect was studied. The article discusses various possible approaches for the use of the gravity model for quantifying border effect and the different factors that affect the strength of border effect in each of these cases.

Keywords: spatial interactions models, gravity model, transport geography, border studies, development of border regions.