DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.107


D.C. Alexandrescu, M. Costache
Wednesday 13 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-08-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 51, 821-826 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.107


The appearance of species imported in the EU, and so on the Romanian market, led to a change in consumer preference towards new species of fish (tilapia, African catfish, pangasius) and aquaculture products (shrimp, clams, oyster, etc.). One of these species is tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) which, at European level, the import volume is about 10,000 tons / year. In order to reduce imports and increase the competitiveness of aquaculture in the EU have been taken strategic measures to develop technologies that integrates production systems with high degree of intensity and valuable crop species.[6] Tilapia is a fish successful among both producers and consumers, this being due to, firstly, the robustness of its tolerance, flexibility and overall plasticity manifested in the different environmental conditions but, equally, and organoleptic, nutritional value (96 kcal / 100g) and especially protein content (19.2%).[3] The ability of this species to survive in unfavorable conditions of the environment (low concentrations of oxygen, high concentrations of ammonia, high salinity in general parameters limiting for other species) allow tilapia to be increased in higher densities compared to other fish species.[2]

Keywords: Oreochromis niloticus, tilapia, aquaculture, develop technologies, nutrition