DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.103

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VEGETATION BIODIVERSITY AND SOIL FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY OF ALKALIZED SOIL IN THE EMISSION AREA OF MAGNESIUM FACTORY JELSAVA – LUBENIK (SLOVAKIA)

J. Fazekas, D. Fazekasova, Z. Boguska, P. Hulicova, P. Adamisin
Wednesday 13 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-08-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 51, 789-796 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.103

ABSTRACT

A strong alkaline reaction is caused by emissions from alkaline magnesium factory currently localized in Jelšava and Lubeník (Slovakia). The area Jelšava – Lubeník with specific alkaline pollutants, is one of the most devastated regions of Slovakia and with the alarming degree of environmental damage. Even so, the pollution fallout remains enormous and devastating. The work examines the relationship between vegetation diversity and soil functional diversity in the emission field of magnesium factory Jelšava – Lubeník (Slovakia). The research was carried out in 2016 at the 12 research areas which are used as permanent grassland and is in emission field of magnesium factory Jelšava – Lubeník (Slovakia). Chemical properties of soil reaction were studied by potentiometric (pH/KCl). From the biological properties the functional diversity of soil microbiological communities have been monitored using methods Biolog® Eco Plates support device ELx808 ™ Absorbance Microplate Reader. The date one normalized parameter AWCD (Average Well Color Development) was calculated according to Garland and functional diversity of soil microbiological communities was calculated for BIOLOG data by classical Shannon diversity index (H‘) and equitability index. Diversity of grassland communities was monitored at selected localities in the form of plots on the field of 16 m2. Vegetation was assessed by Braun – Blanquet scale. Diversity of flora was assessed by Shannon index H´ and Equatability index. The results of field and laboratory research were evaluated in the program Statistica and Past. In conclusion we can say that a spray particle of free magnesium oxide (MgO) has strongly influenced the reaction of the soil diversity and vegetation cover.

Keywords: soil reaction, magnesium, microbiological communities, vegetation, Shannon diversity index.

PAPER DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.103, RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN VEGETATION BIODIVERSITY AND SOIL FUNCTIONAL DIVERSITY OF ALKALIZED SOIL IN THE EMISSION AREA OF MAGNESIUM FACTORY JELSAVA – LUBENIK (SLOVAKIA)

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