DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.049

ENVIROMENTAL FOOTPRINT ENTERPRISE AS INDICATOR OF BALANCE IT’S ACTIVITY

O. Mitryasova, V. Pohrebennyk, A. Kochanek, O. Stepanova
Wednesday 13 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-08-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 51, 371-378 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.049

ABSTRACT

An idea of “clean production”, which provides for the modernization of industrial enterprises to environmental standards, is the concept that promote to sustainable development. The idea of combining economic and environmental effectiveness is a base of the concept. The most common indicator of balance is the environmental footprint, which is determined through calculating the use of natural resources. In addition, the environmental footprint provides an opportunity to assess how long can affect on the environment. The environmental footprint is a complex index, which reflects the demand of the human population on natural resources, which may not exceed the ecological capacity of an ecosystem to regenerate. Purpose is a determining of the company environmental footprint. To determine the environmental impact of different methods of the enterprise have been considered on the environment, based on the determination and assessment of material flows. Object is the brewery industry enterprise. The concept of "environmental footprint" is improved technique and disclosed which today is one of the most accurate indicators of environmental impact. This method allows us to estimate the total demand for land in the area of global hectares, which are necessary for the production of human resources used. The procedure of performing is the calculation of the ecological footprint, which may useful for any enterprise. Total bio-absorption ability of ecosystems to produce useful biological substances and absorb wastes, biological productivity is the sum of squares 48199.3 areas gha. Environmental footprint of brewery was designed. Compiled calculation mechanism allowed to evaluate natural resources required to operate the enterprise. The calculation for a particular brewery (51492,4 gha) leads to the conclusion that his work was accompanied by the appearance of ecological deficits (-3,293,1 gha). By the method of determination of the environmental footprint of the company, which further covers all links of the interaction of environment and determines the volume consumed by the entity natural resources. Defined global environmental footprint of enterprise, that allows to qualitatively and quantitatively apply those sides of industrial activity, where there is excess consumption of natural resources. The environmental footprint of the brewery was calculated. The calculations lead to the inference that the work of the enterprise is accompanied by ecological deficit. Thus, the volume of consumed natural resources is exceeding the permissible limits.

Keywords: environmental footprint, biocapacity, ecological deficit, brewing company.