DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.015

ASSESSING LAND USE/COVER CHANGES IN THE PUTNA-VRANCEA NATURAL PARK. ROMANIA

R. Cuculici, I. Grigorescu, M. Dumitrascu, E. Marin, C. Dumitrascu
Wednesday 13 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-08-9 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 51, 109-116 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/51/S20.015

ABSTRACT

Putna–Vrancea Natural Park (38,204 ha) is located in the eastern part of Romania, the upper part of Putna River Basin (Curvature Carpathians). It includes valuable complex forest ecosystems, mountain meadows, also known for the large variety of flora and fauna. Over the past almost thirty years, the study area was subject to diverse natural and man-made environmental stressors which had significantly influenced land use/cover changes with a particular impact on forest-covered areas. The current paper is seeking to analyse the temporal and spatial changes of the main land use/cover categories in Putna-Vrancea Natural Park, using CORINE Land Cover (CLC) over the 1990-2012 interval in relation to the main triggering factors which include historical and political events (land reforms), deforestation (logging), tourism activities, settlements expansion, grazing, but also afforestation or the protected area management (e.g. IUCN or Natura 2000). Consequently, the authors identify and analyze land use/cover flows, conversion, and dynamics in relation to the main socio-political and natural driving forces by means of GIS methods (binary change index and trend index) based on both spatial and statistical geodatabase.

Keywords: CORINE Land Cover (CLC), binary change index, trend index, Putna-Vrancea Natural Park, protected areas, Romania