DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/21/S08.108

DATA SOURCE EVALUATION FOR SHORELINE DELINIATION APPLICATIONS

J. Ahlen, S. Seipel, M.L. Kautz
Wednesday 13 September 2017 by Libadmin2017

References: 17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017, www.sgem.org, SGEM2017 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7408-01-0 / ISSN 1314-2704, 29 June - 5 July, 2017, Vol. 17, Issue 21, 849-858 pp, DOI: 10.5593/sgem2017/21/S08.108

ABSTRACT

This paper proposes an evaluation of data acquired with various sensors and used in coastal water segmentation applications. Correct monitoring of coastal changes in dynamic coastal environments strongly depends on accurate and frequent detection of shoreline position. Automatic shoreline delineation methods are preferable, especially in terms of time, cost, labor intensiveness and difficulties of in-situ measurements. Two main issues have been encountered within this application field, the quality of data and the segmentation algorithms. In this work, potential benefits of various data sources including optical and active sensors for extraction of shorelines have been investigated. The goal with shoreline detection from digital data sources is to obtain information as efficiently as possible and as reliably as necessary. Starting with that observation the paper discusses the effectiveness of coastal information extraction provided different data sources. This question is especially important to address since we observe a fast development of high spatial resolution data acquisition. There are many of segmentation algorithms described in the field of image processing and yet there is currently no single theory or method, no universal segmentation framework, that can be applied on all images to precisely and robustly extract shorelines. Nether there is a uniform standard for the assessment of segmentation results, and this process still largely relies on visual analysis and personal judgment. Out of myriads of image segmentation algorithms, we chose the most frequently and successfully applied within the application field and considering the data sources. In optical sensor data cases, the most frequently used methods are NDWI (Normalized Difference Water Index) and thresholding techniques. We do not aim to create yet another method to segment out the particular objects from remotely sensed data and then tailor it to work efficiently on that data set. Instead, we evaluate the data quality regarding the given application field. The case study is carried out on a 10 km coastal stretch facing the Baltic Sea (Sweden) and belonging to the Municipality of Gävle. In citu measurements were acquired to evaluate the extracted coastal lines and comparisons with reference were performed based on the average mean distance. A conclusion is done regarding the most reliable data source for this particular application of shoreline delineation.

Keywords: shoreline, segmentation, data source, evaluation

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