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SHEEP WOOL HEAT INSULATION SUSTAINABILITY

Hegyi, A.; Szilagyi, H.; Lazarescu, A.; Meita, V.; Sandu, M.
Abstract:
Sustainability is a criterion defined since the 1980s, essential in all areas of activity, without which development cannot be acheived. Thermal insulation mattresses produced using sheep wool, successfully meet the conditions imposed by this criterion. This type of building material ensures the responsible use of non-renewable natural resources, the possibility of reuse and recycling of materials, contributes to environmental protection and pollution reduction, energy saving and provides a hygienic and healthy living climate. This paper analyzes how sheep wool mattresses meet sustainability requirements, simultaneously with compliance with specific requirements in construction based on the criteria of regulation (EU) no. 305/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 March 2011 laying down harmonised conditions for the marketing of construction products. At the same time, the physical and mechanical performances of 20 types of sheep wool mattresses, from 7 manufacturers, available on the international market, are presented. This identifies the strengths of these products (thermal insulation performance, low overload of the structural strength of buildings due to low density, low environmental impact and contribution to improving indoor air quality), as well as weaknesses (high water absorption, low mechanical strength, which make it difficult to use outside buildings, requiring either indoor location, additional protection measures for outdoor location). However, cumulating all these aspects, it can be said that sheep wool mattresses are a good heat-insulating material, which successfully meets the requirements of sustainable development, the benefits in terms of environmental impact and quality of life recommending them as a possible substitute for some sintering heat-insulating materials, highly polluting and hardly or not at all biodegradable.
SGEM Research areas:
Year:
2020
Type of Publication:
In Proceedings
Keywords:
sheep wool mattresses; heat insulation; sustainability
Volume:
20
SGEM Book title:
20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020, NANO, BIO AND GREEN – TECHNOLOGIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE
Book number:
6.2
SGEM Series:
SGEM International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference
Pages:
235-242
Publisher address:
51 Al. Malinov blvd, Sofia, 1712, Bulgaria
SGEM supporters:
SWS Scholarly Society; Acad Sci Czech Republ; Latvian Acad Sci; Polish Acad Sci; Russian Acad Sci; Serbian Acad Sci & Arts; Natl Acad Sci Ukraine; Natl Acad Sci Armenia; Sci Council Japan; European Acad Sci, Arts & Letters; Acad Fine Arts Zagreb Croatia; C
Period:
8-11 December, 2020
ISBN:
978-619-7603-19-4
ISSN:
1314-2704
Conference:
20th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2020, 8-11 December, 2020
DOI:
10.5593/sgem2020V/6.2/s09.30
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